What exists through intellectual activity is part of the thought . This is a product of the mind that arises from the rational activity of the intellect or the abstractions of the imagination.
It is possible to distinguish between different types of thinking, depending on the mental operation in question. He deductive thinking , he inductive thinking , he systematic thinking , he critical thinking and the analytical thinking They are some of them.
Divergent , on the other hand, is that which diverges (which disagrees, disagrees or separates). He divergent thinking or lateral thinking , therefore, consists of search for alternatives and creative and different possibilities for the resolution of a trouble .
Divergent thinking can be included within the creative thinking , related more to the imagination than to logical-rational thinking. The notion was coined by the Maltese psychologist Edward De Bono , who stated that divergent thinking is a way of organizing thought processes through non-orthodox strategies. The objective, then, is to generate ideas that escape the guidelines of habitual thinking.
For Bonus , lateral thinking can be developed with training techniques that help look at the same object from different points of view . Divergent thinking is an engine of personal and social change as it brings new answers to known problems.
The Maltese psychologist recognizes three major types of obstructions of thought: the lack of information , the mental block and the weight of the obvious. This last case, when the obviousness of the problem prevents us from seeing a better option, can be overcome through divergent thinking.
Usually our brain it tends to relate the data it perceives in its environment to find logical and rational explanations; If we see a destroyed wall, we will assume that it was hit by a vehicle or that it was damaged by a water leak, but the first option we will contemplate will not be that a mutant being of enormous force knocked it down.
Similarly, when it comes to solving our day-to-day problems (understanding how trouble to any situation that we must overcome, from the simple decision of what to have lunch to the lack of money to pay the bills) we usually use the most reasonable resources we have at our disposal. Already from our first years of life, we are taught to pursue the normal, to conform to a series of rules and expectations that, as promised, will provide us with stability and security in our adulthood.
If someone needs money, their first tendency is to look for work; innovative projects rarely arise, blind bets in pursuit of a revolutionary idea that can end in the economic ruin of its author but, instead, make him a genius admired by the entire world. The great pioneers of the history They have managed to look beyond the obvious, pursue goals that did not appear in the books and that gave them no guarantee of success, and it is thanks to them that humanity advances.
There are many exercises that stimulate the training of divergent thinking, problems that pose a situation apparently absurd or impossible to solve. Let's see an example: This morning I dropped an earring in the cafe. And although the cup was full, the earring did not get wet. How is it possible? At first glance, given certain cultural and idiomatic issues, our brain assumes that the term coffee It refers to drinking, and that is the first mistake a person makes who believes he cannot solve this puzzle.
If, instead, we interpret it as a hospitality establishment where meals and snacks are served, one of the possible answers correct shines before our eyes: the earring did not fall into the cup, but into the cafeteria, which is also called coffee; That is why the amount of remaining drink is not relevant.