It is called undergrowth to the set of bushes, herbs and bushes that in a forest , they develop under the trees . It can be said, in this sense, that the undergrowth is the forested sector closest to the surface and covered by the forest canopy (the treetops).
In addition to shrubs, herbs and bushes, in the undergrowth can be found young trees . These specimens, over the years, will grow until leaving the undergrowth and become part of the forest canopy. The rest of the species Instead, they remain throughout their lives in the undergrowth.
The sunlight it arrives in limited quantities to the undergrowth, since the highest trees are responsible for blocking it. This means that the species that are part of the undergrowth must optimize their ability to photosynthesis , since the light they have is reduced.
Another peculiarity of the undergrowth, also related to the height of the forest canopy, is that the soil heats up slowly and, in this way, also slows down the evaporation . As a consequence of this characteristic, the undergrowth has a higher humidity index than the rest of the forest; that's why it usually houses different kinds of mushrooms .
The reduced solar lighting and the high level of humidity make the understory a special habitat for various species of flora and fauna. This means that, in the same forest, we can find plants and animals very different according to the sector in which they live.
Undergrowth Finally, it is the name of an inn located in the Spanish town of Mortera and of a club from Soto del Real .
Let's see below some of the plants that we can find in this substructure of the forest which we call undergrowth, which offers a particular variety of "refugee" species under the treetops. Impressive sizes, an unequaled color and intense flavors are some of its main features.
In a forest where chestnuts and oaks abound, for example, under them it is possible to find various tree ferns , which collaborate in the creation of a truly majestic landscape. It should be mentioned that in an area like this there may also be a watercourse that runs along part of its surface, surrounded by wild plants in a Meadow .
Returning to the tree ferns, one of them may be called dicksonia antarctica, a plant native to Australia dating from the Jurassic period and can reach several meters in height (even exceeding 12 meters in nature). Its trunk resembles that of palm trees. As expected of a species of the undergrowth, it does not require direct exposure to sunlight for developing .
Another of the typical species of an undergrowth as described above is the dryopteris filix-mas. This fern, unlike the previous one, does not have a trunk and its size is smaller, although its fronds are also of great beauty.
He phiatea cooperi, for its part, is a structural fern that usually grows in areas tropical , although it has also adapted very well to the Atlantic. As in the case of dicksonia antarctica, its fronds are very attractive and reach a large size.
Moving on to the meadow, many wildflowers of really varied and impressive aspects can appear in the undergrowth, as is the case with Cambrian meconopsis wave silene dioica. The first one stands out for its color, while the second one is especially delicate and prefers the humidity and the shadow for its development.
The forest strawberries They can also find their place in an environment of this kind, and are characterized by the intensity of their flavor and their discrete dimensions.