Threw is the act and the result of throwing : throw, throw or throw something away. Free , meanwhile, is an adjective that is associated with the freedom (autonomy or independence). The concept of free throw is used in the field of sports to refer to a certain play that is linked to a throwing class.
At soccer , the free throw allows resume game after a foul sanctioned by the judge. Suppose a defender commits an offense against a rival forward by hitting him and the referee sanctions the foul. The team to which the hit player belongs will have a free kick in their favor; in this way, when the judge indicates it, a player of the group will proceed to execute the free kick that will allow the resumption of the match. The name that has received this play is due to the fact that the rivals can only exercise an opposition to the auction from a distance established by the regulation, without having the possibility of getting closer or interrupting the throwing.
Football also contemplates free throws when a field player touches the ball (ball) with his hand or when an archer (goalkeeper) does the same outside his own area .
It should be noted that, according to the type of infraction, the free kick may be direct (the performer can kick straight into the goal) or indirect (The ball must be touched by at least two players before entering the rival goal for the goal to be valid).
The free throw also appears in the basketball (or basketball ). In this case, the launch is made from a line marked in the field of game , which is 5.80 meters from the bottom and 4.60 from the structure on which the basket is inserted (the so-called board). This entry is worth a single point , but that does not make it less important than other releases; In fact, since there are often many free throws throughout a match, their relevance to the final score is very high.
In general, the free kick of basketball is indicated as a result of a penalty indicated by the referees, either for technical or personal offenses. It is known that the percentage of probability of scoring when making one of these launches is very high, both among professionals and amateurs, and this is due to the "mechanical" nature of it: it is always done from the same point of the track , at the same distance from the basket and without opponents trying to block it. By not allowing the counterattack, there are no unpredictable elements that can affect the play, and that is why it is enough to practice the free kick again and again during training to ensure success.
This opportunity that the regulation it grants a player to score a point without the intervention of the opposing team has, however, its small print; for example, the launch must be done within 5 seconds since the referee gives the ball to the player , and it cannot stand on the line until the ball has touched or crossed the ring. If we add this to the pressure that athletes usually experience in the midst of a confrontation open to the public, the free kick is not exactly a guaranteed point, but also requires a combination of precision and emotional stability.
The most common way to execute the throw is to place the arms above the head, arched so that the elbow of the strong arm is at face height. However, in the past the technique called normal was normal spoon: with the arms extended down and performing a rotation movement centered on the shoulders, the ball upwards.