It is called late to the period of the day that starts at noon and extends to the beginning of the night . It can be said that the afternoon, therefore, ends at dusk . For example: “This afternoon I am going to visit Aunt Laura”, “The next session of the Chamber of Deputies will take place next Friday afternoon”, "In the afternoon the power went out, but luckily they restored the service before nightfall".
The idea afternoon is also used to refer to what is carried out in a advanced schedule , both night and day: “Today we are going to have a late lunch: it's already eleven in the morning and I still have a lot of work ahead of me”, “I don't think the party ends too late since tomorrow we all have to get up early”, “My grandfather usually dines late”. As can be seen in the examples, this meaning of the term is relative, since it must be measured on the basis of "early".
Late, on the other hand, is an adverb of time that serves to describe actions or situations that take place when the usual or convenient time has passed , or that develop beyond weather previously established: "The boss got angry because I was late to the office", "Is it too late to take the train to London?", "Try not to be late so we get to sit in the front rows".
Again, the concept may oppose the notion of early , taking as a parameter the schedule that is considered accurate, precise or punctual. Suppose a theatrical function is announced for the 20 hours . If the show starts at 19:30 , it can be said that it started early. On the other hand, if the function starts at 21 hours , will have started late.
There are people who have a special trend To be late for appointments, both for informal meetings with friends and for job interviews or medical consultations. This is usually seen as a lack of responsibility, although psychology has shown that in some cases it is a well-defined disorder: cometardism .
One thing is a delay ten minutes, once in a while, but the first person to be diagnosed with arrivetardism, the Scot Jim Dubar, far exceeded that margin: he has left waiting more than four hours to a friend with whom I had planned to take a trip; to another, next to whom he had decided to have lunch, he had a three-hour wait. If we add to this that Jim has lost dozens of jobs because of his unpunctuality , and that this always distressed him, it is clear that it is not a slip or lack of a poor organization.
The explanation of the doctor who diagnosed this disease consisting of "being late" can be summarized, in a few simple words, as follows: the brain is not able to perceive with precision the passage of time from the point at which you begin to carry out an activity. This, as mentioned above, affects all levels of everyday life, from professional to sentimental, and does not always cause damage to third parties: Jim has also been late to the cinema, practically to enjoy the credits and return to his home frustrated.
As if the anger of friends and family, layoffs and theatrical functions about to end were not enough, people who arrive late involuntarily must endure the lack of support and the demands of their environment. Although this disorder It has already been diagnosed, many people still believe that it is a lack of responsibility, and for that reason they do not collaborate with their well-known arrivals.