The English term of origin router It can be translated into Spanish as router or router , although sometimes it is also mentioned as router . It is a product of hardware which enables interconnect computers that work within the framework of a net .
The router, experts say, is responsible for establishing which route will be allocated to each data packet within a computer network. It can be beneficial in the interconnection of computers , in the connection of the equipment to Internet or for the internal development of those who provide Internet services.
In very general lines we can establish that there are three clear types of routers:
Basic. It is the one that has the function of checking if the information packets that are handled are destined for another computer on the network or abroad.
Sophisticated This class of routers is the one that is used most frequently in the domestic environment because it perfectly covers the needs that the user may have at any time. Their main hallmarks are that they have the capacity to handle a multitude of information and that they protect the home network very well from outside.
Powerful In companies and entities of great importance, this is where we are committed to using this type of routers since it not only has the capacity to handle millions of data in a single second but also to optimize traffic.
Routers used in private homes are known as SOHO (acronym corresponding to Small Office, Home Office). These devices allow several computers to have access to broadband through a private and secure virtual network. Technically, residential routers are responsible for translating network addresses instead of routing (that is, it does not connect all local computers to the network directly, but makes the different computers work as a single equipment).
Within the Business , can be found access routers (including SOHO), the distribution routers (add traffic from other routers or the concentration of data flows) and core routers or core routers (which manage different levels of routers).
There are, on the other hand, the wireless routers , which function as an interface between fixed networks and mobile networks (such as Wifi , WiMAX and others). Wireless routers share similarities with traditional routers, although they support wireless connection to the network in question.
And all this without forgetting the existence of the so-called ADSL routers that are characterized by being those that allow both to connect at the same time one or several local-type networks as well as one or more computers.
That makes it clear that this device has several missions and fulfills more than one function. Thus, for example, we can leave a patent that acts as an ADSL modem, as a gateway of a local network to what is outside and also as a router.
However, to these three mentioned functions a very important fourth would have to be added and this type of router is used as a wireless access point.