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Originating in Latin, the term correction makes mention when actuating and correcting results . This verb, meanwhile, refers to rectify or reverse a failure or error . For example: "I must correct this text before sending it to the editor", "There was a problem in correcting the book and it was published with a misspelling on the first page", "The correction of the trajectory of the ball was not enough and he ended up entering the goal".

It is also known as correction to the process of control and modification that a person with authority performs on a evaluation or a text In this sense, teachers are responsible for correcting exams that they do to their students, while an editor is the subject that is dedicated to correcting the articles made by a writer or a journalist: "The exam correction will be ready for tomorrow", "I'm tired of the correction being so strict".

Correction is, on the other hand, the quality or the main characteristic of who is correct . That is why it allows to name the one or that that lacks faults or damages: “Carlos has behaved with a lot of correction”, "He book it didn't deserve any correction from me ”.

In the rhetoric, the correction (also called epanorthosis ) is a figure that is used when, after having pronounced an expression, a different one is postulated to amend the above or broaden the notion: "You are very intelligent, what I say, you are a true genius".

It can be mentioned, finally, that "Correction" It is an engraving of the Spanish artist Francisco de Goya , which was published in 1799 as part of the series called "Whims" .

Orthographic and style correction

A proofreader is someone who is given a work before being published in order to make the changes you need to be well finished; is an essential profession in the publishing market, although little recognized and even ignored.

This professional is not a writer who takes another's work and embellishes it; Your job is to study and improve the typographic and grammatical aspects, that is, polish questions of syntax and grammar and all those details that prevent the work can be read cleanly or that prevent its understanding. His work is essential to achieve a good finish of the works, mainly because the writer is the worst proofreader for his own work, since while analyzing concepts that have to do with the style, he also observes other aspects of the story (characters, events , etc.) and then you may not realize small details that merit review. Also, as we all know, four eyes always see more than two.

In addition, the proofreader has to notice the inconsistencies or contradictions in the text, such as that a character begins calling himself in a way and then the name is changed (the author will modify it on all pages but it is normal to pass some page), or that when the order of the chapters is reversed, details are escaped and, for example, in a moment a fact that will happen in the future is mentioned. The proofreader must read carefully, analyze the facts and understand what things must be modified so that the text Have a more presentable finish.

In the orthographic correction, professionals use a series of symbols to mark on the work those changes necessary to later make them from the computer; in this way an organized and detailed work can be carried out.

It is normal that when a writer presents his work to a publisher in it, he is asked for a correction of style in order to ensure that the text has been revised correctly. In many cases the publishers themselves have proofreaders who are responsible for carrying out this task, although sometimes it is the authors themselves who are looking for a proofreader and are responsible for returning the finished work to the editorial.

Orthographic and style correction, in short, allows a good work drafted inconveniently be modified so that readers understand it better and enjoy it; In many cases the work of the proofreaders is essential for the texts to be accepted and published by an editorial.

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