The first thing we must do to be able to fully understand the meaning of the term goodness is that we carry out the establishment of its etymological origin and we must underline that it is found in Latin. Thus, more exactly we can see that it emanates from the word pretty which is the result of the sum of the term bonus, which can be translated as "good", and of the suffix -tat which is equivalent to "quality".
Goodness is the good quality , an adjective that refers to the useful, pleasant, appetizing, tasty or fun. A person kindly, therefore, has a natural inclination to do good .
In this sense it is considered that a person has the quality of goodness when he always remains willing to help those who need it, when he is compassionate towards people who are suffering from different circumstances and also when he maintains a kind and generous attitude towards others.
In this way, we can also state that the one who lacks goodness is one who is petty, selfish, sees other people as enemies, is distrustful, spiteful, insensitive and opts more for hate than for fostering friendship.
The philosophy understands the good as the value given to the action of a person. The good fosters the desirable from the empathy (the ability to feel what another individual can feel).
The concept of good is tautological , because something good is what is right. That is why its definition is redundant. Goodness is the ability to do or reflect good. For example: “Thanks to Isabel's kindness, children have new clothes”, “The benefits of this product are many”.
It should be noted that the good needs its opposite, the evil , to be appreciated. In this way, if donating clothes that we no longer use is fine, it is because it is wrong to throw clothes when someone has nothing to wear.
Along the history , it could be said that some people managed to personify goodness. That is the case of the Mother Teresa of Calcutta who got the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and was beatified by the Pope Juan Pablo II in 2003 thanks to his actions in favor of the poor in the India .
In addition to these two historical figures, we cannot ignore others who can also be classified as kind. This would be the case, for example, of Mahatma Gandhi who was an Indian thinker and politician who made all kinds of peaceful actions and demonstrations with the clear objective of achieving a more just and equal society in his country, the development of rural areas and an absolute tolerance between different beliefs and ideas.
Martin Luther King, Saint Francis of Assisi or the Dalai Lama are other historical figures that have been characterized by their kindness.
The notion of kindness, on the other hand, also allows establishing a courtesy formula to refer to the kindness of one person with respect to another: “If you have the kindness to approach, I can show you the papers”.