A crime It is a behavior that, whether of its own volition or recklessness, results contrary to what is established by law . The crime, therefore, implies a violation of the regulations in force, which makes it deserve a punishment or pain .
Beyond the laws, it is known as a crime to any action that is condemnable from a point of view ethical or moral . For example: “Spending so much money on shoes is a crime”, "My grandmother taught me that throwing food in the trash is a crime".
In the judicial sense, it is possible to distinguish between a civil offense (the action that is intentionally developed to harm a third party) and a Criminal offense (which is also typified and punished by the law penal).
There is a fairly broad classification of different types of crime. A malicious crime He is the one who commits with conscience, that is, the author wanted to do what he did. In this sense, it is opposed to guilty offense , where the fault occurs from failure to comply or respect the obligation of care. A murder is a malicious crime; instead a accident Where a person dies is a guilty crime.
A commission crime , on the other hand, is produced from the author's behavior, while a crime of omission It is the result of an abstention. The offenses for omission are divided into crimes of own omission (set by the code criminal) and improper omission crimes (They are not included in the penal code).
The so-called pirated copies they certainly were not born with the Internet; The effect it had on the illegal distribution of works was much worse than a simple increase in the percentage of robberies: it managed to convince people that accessing protected content without paying for it did not represent a crime.
It is impossible to travel back in time fifty years ago and talk to people with similar profiles to those who today without any problem download movies illegally to get their opinion about this phenomenon. -Excuse me, ma'am, do you think it's right to get Barbra Streisand's music without paying for it? Do you find it correct or a moral respectable sneak into the cinema without paying the entrance? - Surely, a large percentage of people with lives equivalent to current neopirates They would answer that it is a repudiable attitude.
A particular case is that which occurs with the culture Japanese, which is much appreciated worldwide. Many anime lovers who do not have enough knowledge of the oriental language to enjoy the original versions, are anxious for the series to be subtitled so as not to be forced to listen to the dubbing, since they take away the magic of the work. However, much of this cultural baggage is not even distributed outside of Japan.
Is it legal then for someone to take the job of subtitling an animated series made by other people and distribute it for free? There will be those who say they use it as study material and do not consider it unfair. But, like it or not, there are laws that protect the property intellectual, and surely a more civilized path could be sought to get creators to export their works to the rest of the world. It would surely help to convince them of the success that this activity would have outside their country if the mockery of Eastern people were not part of more than one Western culture.
Without a doubt, the recent fall of Megaupload, the best known distributor of illegal copies of movies and music, has had a significant impact on the different markets. This added to the fact that many similar sites disappeared shortly after and the emergence and proliferation of services such as Spotify and Netflix, may represent the beginning of a positive change.