Preceptor it is a term that, in general, is used to name the individual who is dedicated to teach something . In ancient times, reports the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) , the preceptor focused on the Latin grammar .
Also in the Middle Ages we also find the existence of preceptors. Some of the most common were those that were forming part of religious orders, specifically as fundamental figures for the maintenance of their principles and norms. Thus, for example, the Order of the Temple had its preceptors, who were basically responsible not only for supporting the Church in the areas that they could but also for "guiding" their brothers so that they would not faint and always maintain the pillars of this Christian military order
In some countries, the person in charge of the surveillance and of control of students in an educational center. In this sense, the concept is synonymous with watchman .
For example: “I was offered a job as a tutor at my neighborhood school”, “The preceptor challenged me because I was late for classes”, "Please give this note to the preceptor of your course".
A clear example of the figure of the preceptor can be found within the health field. Thus, young people who are working as doctors residing in a hospital have a preceptor. This is responsible for guiding, accompanying, supervising and leading them so that they can act and perform their established functions in the best possible way.
In many cases, the preceptor's task is informal since his tasks and obligations are not systematized. It can be said that the preceptor is responsible for guarantee good behavior of the students within school hours but outside of classes, that is, when the teacher is not present.
The preceptors, therefore, take care and control the students before the teacher enters living room , at recess or free time and at the events. They often have the power to impose sanctions on students if they do not obey them.
A preceptor, on the other hand, develops various administrative tasks which are essential in the operation of the school. You can take assistance, manage and authorize certain permissions or channel student complaints to the establishment authorities.
The preceptor, in short, is a tutor of the students and assistant of teachers whose job It allows the normal development of the educational process.
In many universities in the United States the figure of the preceptor continues to exist, which has become a fundamental piece for the daily functioning of the institutions. And that is what it does is to assist teachers, whether they are holders or auxiliaries, so that they can teach their classes in the best possible way, advising them, supporting them in any activity that is requested and even carrying out research work.
In some of these universities the preceptors are students, mainly volunteers and of higher courses. However, in others, they are professors specialized in a specific subject that support the work of the teacher for the learning of their students.