Pollen it is a term that derives from pollen, a Latin word. The concept allows mentioning the grain that are in the male organs of the flowers and that present the gametophytes of the plant .
Pollen is usually made up of a pair of cells coated by membranes. With regard to the structure of a pollen grain, we can say that it is composed of two fundamental parts: an outer shell that is very hard and that responds to the name of exina and another inner shell called intina. This is identified because it saves the cell that is the one that contains both the male gametes and the nucleus.
Exina, on the other hand, is formed fundamentally by what is known as sporopolenin, which is identified as being very resistant to both the different chemical agents and the decomposition produced by the passage of time.
Through a process known as pollination , the pollen passes from the stamens of the flowers to the stigma, where germination and fertilization of the ovules occurs that give rise to the creation of fruits and seeds.
This pollination can be developed by animals (like insects or birds), by Water or even for him wind , according to the plant species. Animal vectors or agents that contribute to pollination are known as pollinators .
The bees They are some of the animals that feed on pollen. These insects They undergo pollen to a transformation through the addition of enzymes, which allow it to digest it.
Pollen as food for human being It is usually controversial. Being composed of vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins and other nutrients, it is usually indicated as a very healthy food. Various scientists, however, claim that the beneficial properties of pollen for people are not confirmed: on the contrary, pollen can even cause allergies .
Many people have an allergy to pollen and, in order to cope with it in times of high risk such as spring, they must follow these recommendations given by doctors:
-When they go out on the street they should wear sunglasses.
-When driving, it is important that you travel with the windows closed.
-Not less vital is that, as far as possible, avoid going outside at times when there is a greater concentration of pollen. That would be the case of a period of time between 5 and 10 a.m. and between 7 p.m. and 10 p.m.
-The days of strong wind must remain at home.
-In the case that is necessary they should take antihistamines.
-In air conditioners, whether home or car, must place pollen filters.
If the pollen is not stored in a proper way, in addition, it is possible that contaminate and that it becomes dangerous for the health of those who consume it. However, pollen is still chosen by many people who wish to incorporate nutrients into their diet .