A platelminto (word derived from the word Platyhelminthes ) is an organism devoid of vertebrae also known as flat worm which has the characteristic of being a protomatomic and triblastic acelomado. Most of this clan is parasite and hermaphrodite , and it has neither respiratory nor circulatory system. On the other hand, it must be said that many of the twenty thousand species of flatworms do not have a digestive system or anus, since the digestive tract functions as a gastrovascular cavity (that is, it performs digestive functions and distributes nutrients).
The flatworms tend to inhabit wet river, marine and terrestrial environments. Depending on their particularities, they can also be segmented into four classes: turbelarios (Turbellaria ), the monogeneous (Monogenea ), the cestodes (Cestoda ) and the trematodes (Trematode ). These last three sets are parasites and have no head.
The peat bogs have a free life, are carnivorous and dig to find food . Monogenic are parasites of fish and amphibians, while cestodes and trematodes can live in various mammals, including man .
It should be noted that flat worms do not have locomotor appendages; therefore, they move thanks to the vibrations of its ciliated epithelium.
In the case of flatworms that can affect man, they are also known as tapeworms or solitary. Humans can be contaminated by those through various routes such as ingesting certain products (vegetables, fruits or raw or not well cooked pork) that have Taenia eggs.
Among the most frequent symptoms experienced by citizens who have that platelminto include weight loss, difficulty falling asleep, nausea, minor gastrointestinal pain, nervousness or noticeable lack of appetite.
The fact of being affected by these tapeworms brings with it various consequences, the most serious being various brain injuries, vision damage such as blindness and seizures of different reach. In this case, it is most convenient to see a medical professional who establishes the necessary treatment to end this infection.
However, it should be stressed that, as with many other diseases or pathologies, there are a number of home remedies for the same purpose. Specifically, in this case it is recommended to eat fresh fruit such as strawberries and other foods such as onions, nuts or garlic.
The fundamental advice to follow to prevent being affected by this "animal" is not eating raw or not properly cooked meat, always wash your hands after using the bathroom and also keep them in perfect care and washing after having Been handling pork or beef.
The flatworms allowed James McConnell perform different experiments with the intention of proving that there is a chemical basis for memory . For this, he combined a bright light with an electric shock and studied the reaction of the flat worms. After several tests, he found that the flatworms began to react to light in the same way as if they had been subjected to electric shock.
The experiment went further: after cutting the worms in two and allowing them to regenerate, it could be seen how both halves developed the reaction to light and electric shock.